Flag of Spain

Flag Spain, Banner Spain
Aspect ratio:
Vexillological symbol:
National flag on land and sea
505.990 km²
Spanish (Castellano) is the constitutional state language. In addition, Catalan, Basque, Galician and Valencian have official status in the autonomous community concerned.
Euro (EUR)
accepted at:

Listen to anthem

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Background knowledge

The flag of Spain, known as Rojigualda, was adopted as the national flag of Spain in 1785 and has been the national flag since then, except for the years of the Second Republic (1931-1939), when it was replaced by another flag . The coat of arms, included in the current flag and in some cases regulated by Law 39/1981, which regulates its use, has undergone several changes throughout history.

Article 4.1 of the 1978 Constitution states:

 The Spanish flag is composed of three horizontal stripes, red, yellow and red, the yellow being twice as wide as each of the red.  

    Article 4.1 of the Spanish Constitution.



On October 28, 1981, Article 2.2 of Law 39/1981 on the use of the flag of Spain and other flags and ensigns states: "In the yellow stripes may be used, in the manner indicated by the regulation, the arms of Spain".

It should be noted that there is no constitutional coat of arms, but a constitutional flag, that is, the flag without arms, since the coat of arms of Spain does not appear in the Constitution, but in a sequence Act.

The Spanish shield is regulated by Law 33/1981, of October 5, and by Royal Decree 2964/1981, of December 18, which also establishes the position of the shield on the flag.

According to the above regulations, the Spanish flag will have the following characteristics:

The flag will consist of three horizontal stripes, red, yellow and red, with the yellow one twice as wide as each of the red ones. This arrangement is known as the Spanish stripe .

The flag may include the coat of arms of Spain, but its inclusion is mandatory only in the cases provided by law.

The shield has a height of two-fifths of the width of the flag and appears on both sides of the flag in the middle of the yellow stripe.

If the flag has the normal proportions, with a length equal to 3/2 of the width, the axis of the shield is placed at a distance of half the width of the flag from the hull. If the length is smaller than normal or the flag has a square shape, the shield is placed in the center of the flag.


The colors of the flag of Spain, as established in Royal Decree 441/1981 of 27 February 4, by which the colors of the flag of Spain are technically established, in accordance with the reports prepared by the Military Standardization Service in collaboration with the Institute for Rationalization and Standardization (IRANOR), are the colors below:


Composer: unbekannter Komponist Songwriter: José María Pemán (1897-1981) und Eduardo Marquina (1879-1946)

No official hymn text!

José María Pemán (1897-1981) and

Eduardo Marquina (1879-1946) wrote two hymns with different wording.

Spanish flag color codes

173, 21, 25
0, 88, 86, 32
250, 189, 0
0, 24, 100, 2

That's what ChatGPT knows about the flag of Spain

This is what an AI says about the Spanish flag
The national flag of Spain is also called Bandera de España. It is a combination of red and yellow colors on a white background. It is a symbol of unity, patriotism and Spanish national identity. The flag was officially introduced in 1785.
This is what an AI knows about the history of the Spanish flag
The Spanish national flag, also known as the flag of Spain, was first used in 1785. It consists of three horizontal stripes in the colors red, yellow and red. The colors symbolize the unity and independence of the country. Since the 19th century, the flag has undergone a number of changes, but the original flag is still the official flag of the country.
This is how an AI describes the Spanish flag
The national flag of Spain is a tricolor of three horizontal stripes in the colors red, yellow and red. The top stripe is red, the middle stripe is yellow and the bottom stripe is red again. In the center of the flag is a golden coat of arms representing the royal family. The colors red, yellow and red are a symbol of the National Unity of Spain.

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