Flag of Spain
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The flag of Spain, known as Rojigualda, was adopted as the national flag of Spain in 1785 and has been the national flag since then, except for the years of the Second Republic (1931-1939), when it was replaced by another flag . The coat of arms, included in the current flag and in some cases regulated by Law 39/1981, which regulates its use, has undergone several changes throughout history.
Article 4.1 of the 1978 Constitution states:
The Spanish flag is composed of three horizontal stripes, red, yellow and red, the yellow being twice as wide as each of the red.
Article 4.1 of the Spanish Constitution.
On October 28, 1981, Article 2.2 of Law 39/1981 on the use of the flag of Spain and other flags and ensigns states: "In the yellow stripes may be used in the manner indicated by the regulation the arms of Spain".
It should be noted that there is no constitutional coat of arms, but a constitutional flag, that is, the flag without arms, since the coat of arms of Spain does not appear in the Constitution, but in a sequence Act.
The Spanish shield is regulated by Law 33/1981, of October 5, and by Royal Decree 2964/1981, of December 18, which also establishes the position of the shield on the flag.
According to the above regulations, the Spanish flag will have the following characteristics:
The flag is composed of three horizontal stripes, red, yellow and red, with the yellow one twice as wide as each of the red ones. This arrangement is known as the Spanish stripe .
The flag may include the coat of arms of Spain, but its inclusion is mandatory only in the cases provided by law.
The shield has a height of two-fifths of the width of the flag and appears on both sides of the flag in the middle of the yellow stripe.
If the flag has the normal proportions, with a length equal to 3/2 of the width, the axis of the shield is placed at a distance of half the width of the flag from the hull. If the length is smaller than normal or the flag has a square shape, the shield is placed in the center of the flag.
The colors of the flag of Spain, as established in Royal Decree 441/1981 of 27 February 4, by which the colors of the flag of Spain are technically established, in accordance with the reports prepared by the Military Standardization Service in collaboration with the Institute for Rationalization and Standardization (IRANOR), are the colors below:
No official hymn text!
José María Pemán (1897-1981) and
Eduardo Marquina (1879-1946) wrote two hymns with different wording.
Spanish flag color codes
- 173, 21, 25
- 0, 88, 86, 32
- 250, 189, 0
- 0, 24, 100, 2
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