Flag of India

Flag India, Banner India
Aspect ratio:
2:3
Vexillological symbol:
National flag on land
Country:
India
Capital:
New Delhi
Size:
3.287.000 km²
Population:
1.065.070.607
Continent:
Asia
Languages:
Hindi plus 17 other recognized languages, English as national language
Currency:
Indian rupee (INR)
accepted at:
21.07.2047

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Background knowledge

The Indian national flag, colloquially known as the tricolor, is a horizontal rectangular tri-color flag of India's saffron, white, and India's green with the Ashoka Chakra, a wheel with 24 spokes, in navy blue in the center.
It was adopted in its present form at a meeting of the Constituent Assembly on July 22, 1947, and became the official flag of the Dominion of India on August 15, 1947. The flag was subsequently retained as the flag of the Republic of India. In India, the term "tricolor" almost always refers to the Indian national flag. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya.


By law, the flag must be made of khadi, a special type of hand-spun fabric or silk popularized by Mahatma Gandhi. The manufacturing process and specifications for the flag are set by the Bureau of Indian Standards. The right to make the flag is held by the Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission, which awards it to regional groups. As of 2009, the Karnataka Khadi Gramodyoga Samyukta Sangha is the sole manufacturer of the flag.
Use of the flag is governed by the Flag Code of India and other laws relating to national emblems. The original code prohibited the use of the flag by private individuals except on national holidays such as Independence Day and Republic Day. In 2002, after hearing from a private citizen, Naveen Jindal, the Supreme Court of India directed the Indian government to amend the law to allow the use of the flag by private individuals. Subsequently, the Union Cabinet of India amended the law to allow limited use. In 2005, the Code was again amended to allow some additional uses, including adaptations to certain items of clothing. The Flag Code also governs the protocol for flying the flag and its use in conjunction with other national and non-national flags.
Text courtesy of Flaggenlexikon.de

Three equal horizontal stripes (saffron/dark orange, white, green) with a blue chakra (24-spoked wheel) in the center of the flag.

Meaning

Saffron-orange sybolizes sacrifice and courage; white symbolizes truth and peace; green symbolizes faith and growth. The Dharma(Ashoka) chakra in the center reminds of life in motion and death in stagnation. The 24 spokes remind us of the 24 hours of the day. Other interpretations of the colors saffron-yellow and green in the flag exist.

Indian flag color codes

Safran
HEX
#FF9933
RGB
255, 153, 51
CMYK
0, 49, 96, 0
RAL
1033
Pantone
1495
Weiß
HEX
#FFFFFF
RGB
255, 255, 255
CMYK
0, 0, 0, 0
RAL
9010
Grün
HEX
#138808
RGB
19, 136, 8
CMYK
66, 0, 100, 9
RAL
6037
Pantone
362
Blau
HEX
#000080
RGB
0, 0, 128
CMYK
99, 98, 0, 35
RAL
5002
Pantone
2755

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