Flag of Algeria
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The flag of Algeria shows two vertical stripes in green and white, above them, "above all", a red crescent with a red five-pointed star. The color green, the crescent and the star are symbols of Islam, while red is the color of socialism. The white color stands for righteousness and purity. It dates back to a standard of the freedom hero Abd el-Kader (1808-1883). The flag was first used in 1925 during anti-French demonstrations. It was later adopted by the Algerian People's Party, and in 1954 by the National Liberation Front (FLN). The flag was officially hoisted on July 3, 1962, Independence Day. Messali Haj is considered the creator of the flag. Since 1962 - following French heraldic tradition - Algeria did not use a coat of arms, but a state seal. At first it was black and white, later it was also colored. It was round and showed a red star and a red crescent in the center, above the crescent three ears of corn, two state flags and the hand of Fatima, a symbol of luck. The whole was surrounded with a wreath made of a palm branch and an olive branch. In 1971, a coat of arms was introduced, the shield of which was modeled after the state flag. In the upper part of the coat of arms was written in Arabic the abbreviation of the state name. In 1976 a new seal was introduced. In addition to the hand of Fatima and the crescent moon with the star, it shows a mountain landscape with the rising sun, industrial plants and agricultural crops.
Two equal vertical stripes (green and white); red, five-pointed star in a red crescent centered on the border between the two stripes; the crescent, the star and the color green are traditional symbols of Islam, the state religion.
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