Flag of Denmark
Listen to anthem
The cross flag was the distinctive mark of the crusaders in the Middle Ages, but the flag of Denmark early adopted the typical Scandinavian shape with an extended arm of the cross. Thus, on a red background there is a white cross shifted to the pole side. The Danish flag is also known as the "danebrog", and is one of the oldest national flags in the world. It is probably the oldest flag and has remained unchanged since its introduction. According to legend, it appeared to the Danish king Waldemar II on 15.06.1219 during the Battle of Reval (against the Estonians) and helped the Danes to victory, but there are other explanations for its origin.
The Danish national coat of arms shows three blue lions and nine red hearts on a golden shield. It has been known in this form since King Waldemar I (1157?1182). After the separation from Norway (1815), this coat of arms was officially reintroduced as the national coat of arms in 1819.
The king's coat of arms shows a shield quartered by a white cross outlined in red, showing in the first and fourth quadrants the Danish shield with the three blue lions and the red hearts. In the second quadrant the coat of arms of Schleswig, two blue lions on gold, and in the third quadrant it shows on blue the three crowns of the Kalmar Union (Denmark/Sweden/Norway), a sheep (Faroe Islands) and a polar bear (Greenland). In the center of the shield a heart shield with the coat of arms of the House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. Shield holders are two "wild men" with clubs. The coat of arms is backed with a purple and white mantle, and above it a golden crown.
The national anthem:
There is a lovely country,
that lies with wide beeches
close to the salty Baltic Sea beach.
Stretches over hill and dale,
It is called old Denmark,
and is the of Freja Hall.
The king's anthem:
King Kristian stood at the high mast in smoke and smoke;
His sword hammered so hard,
That helmet and brain of the Goth burst.
Then all the enemy quarterdecks and masts sank in smoke and fumes.
"Flee," they cried, "flee who can flee!"
Who can stand against Kristian of Denmark in battle?"