Flag of Botswana
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At the time of the British protectorate, Betschuanaland had no flag of its own. It was administered by a British High Commissioner from South Africa. The present flag was introduced on 25.01.1966 (according to other sources on 30.09.1966), created by George Winstanley, and goes back to the flag of the Botswana Democratic Party (three horizontal stripes in white, red and black). It features a total of five horizontal stripes, three stripes of light blue, black and light blue, each separated by a narrow white stripe, in the ratio 9:1:4:1:9. The light blue represents the country's longing for water and also symbolizes the blue sky over the country. Black stands for the majority of the population, white for the white minority. The flag thus expresses the desire for peaceful coexistence between the black population and the white minority.
The national coat of arms of Botswana was introduced on 25.01.1966 (30.09.1966). It shows on a white African shield three blue wavy lines, above them cogwheels symbolizing industry, and below them a bull's head symbolizing agriculture. The wavy lines represent water, and, like the inscription "Pula" (rain), refer to the great importance of water. Shield holders are zebras. The colors black and white also symbolize the two races that live in the country. To the left and right of the coat of arms there is still an elephant tusk and a sorghum plant.
Light blue with a horizontal white bordered black stripe in the center.
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