Flag of Ecuador

Flag Ecuador, Banner Ecuador
Aspect ratio:
2:3
Vexillological symbol:
National flag on land and sea
Country:
Ecuador
Capital:
Quito
Size:
283.600 km²
Population:
13.212.742
Continent:
South America
Languages:
Spanish; languages of the 12 ethnic groups (mainly Quechua)
Currency:
US Dollar (USD)
accepted at:
06.11.1900

Listen to anthem

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Background knowledge

The flag is in this form since 1860 again in use, but in the format 2:1 officially only since 07.11.1900. It resembles the flags of Colombia and Venezuela. Ecuador was united with these countries in a union (Greater Colombia) after gaining independence until 1830.
The flag shows three horizontal stripes in yellow, blue and red in the ratio 2:1:1. The wider yellow stripe was actually intended to hold coats of arms or similar, but Ecuador did not make use of this and placed the coat of arms in the center.
The colors are meant to illustrate the separation of the Republic from the colonial power Spain (national colors yellow-red) by the sea (blue). However, yellow also symbolizes the wealth of the country, the sunshine and the grain fields. Blue represents the sky, the sea and the rivers, and red represents the blood shed for independence. The colors remind of the Venezuelan freedom fighter Francisco de Miranda (1750?1816), who led this flag.

Text courtesy of Flaggenlexikon.de

Three horizontal stripes (yellow, double width), blue and red with the national emblem in the center of the flag.

Hymn

Composer: Antonio Neumane Songwriter: Juan León Mera

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