Flag of Albania

Albania
Aspect ratio:
5:7
Vexillological symbol:
National flag on land
Country:
Albania
Capital:
Tirana
Size:
28.748 km²
Population:
3.544.808
Continent:
Europe
Languages:
Albanian (Tosk is the official dialect), Greek
Currency:
lek (ALL)
accepted at:
06.04.1992

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Background knowledge

The flag of Albania goes directly back to the national hero Skanderbeg. He was of noble origin, and his real name was George Kastriota. He led an anti-Turkish uprising between the years 1443 and 1468, after the ever-expanding Ottoman Empire began to subjugate the Byzantine remnant of Epirus since 1385, and thus the territory of present-day Albania. During the rebellion Skanderbeg used red flags with a black double-headed eagle. Probably Skanderbeg was inspired by the Byzantine flag. Allegedly, the legend that Albanians were descendants of eagles also played a role. After the declaration of independence from the Ottoman Empire on 28.11.1912, the old flag was recalled and a red flag was introduced, with a black two-headed eagle and a six-pointed star above it. The star was to remind the Albanians that no matter what their religion, they have the same starry sky above their heads. When the German Prince Wilhelm zu Wied became Prince of Albania in 1914, the flag was changed a little bit, because now a part of the old Epirus belonged to the Albanian territory, the four golden lightnings embodying this country were added to the claws of the eagle. When Ahmed Zogu became Albanian king on 01.09.1928, he initiated a change in the flag. The white star and the lightning bolts were removed, and instead of the star, the golden helmet of Skanderbeg was added to the flag. When Italy occupied Albania in 1939, the flag of Albania was changed again: The Albanian crown was added to the eagle, as well as two black lictor bundles. The anti-Italian resistance, under communist leadership, also flew the red flag with the eagle, but with a yellow outlined five-pointed star above the eagle. This flag was officially introduced on 15.03.1946 in connection with the foundation of the People's Republic. With the resignation of the last communist president, the star was removed from the flag again on 07.04.1992. In connection with the foundation of the People's Republic, a different coat of arms was also introduced. The eagle was surrounded by ears of corn, and above the eagle, as on the flag, was a red five-pointed star outlined in yellow. The ears of corn were connected with a red ribbon, which contained the date - May 24, 1944. On that day in Permeti a so-called "anti-fascist liberation committee" was formed. On 07.04.1992 at first only the ribbon with the date and the star were removed, but since 22.05.1993 only the black two-headed eagle in the red shield is used.

Text courtesy of Flaggenlexikon.de

The flag of Albania goes directly back to the national hero Skanderbeg. He was from noble origin, and was called really George Kastriota. He led an anti Turkish revolt between the years 1443 and 1468, after the every more extending Osmanic Empire since 1385 struggled down the Epirus, the remainding Territory of Byzantium, and started therewith to submit the territory of the today's Albania. During the revolt Skanderbeg used red flags with a black twin-headed eagle. Probably Skanderbeg was inspired from the Byzantian flag. Ostensibly should have played a role, too, the legend, that the Albanians are descendants of the eagles. After the declaration of independence from the Osmanic Empire on the 28th of November in 1912, they remember the old flag, and introduced a red flag, with a black twin-headed eagle and a six-jagged star above. The star should remember the Albanians, that they, equally which religion they have, have the same sky above the heads. As the German prince Wilhelm zu Wied get in 1914 prince of Albania, they changed the flag a few, because as now belongs to the Albanian territory a part of the old Epirus, were added the this land representing ever four golden flashes in the claws of the eagle. As on 1st of September in 1928 Ahmed Zogu gets Albanian king, he has caused a changing of the flag. The white star and the flashes became removed, and instead of the star was placed the golden helmet of Skanderbegs. As Italy occupied in 1939 Albania, the flag of Albania was changed again: The Albanian crown became added to the eagle, just as two black Lictor bundles. The anti Italian resistance, under communist command, used likewise the red flag with the eagle, in which was placed above the eagle a yellow bordered five-jagged star. This flag was officially introduced on 15th of March in 1946 in context with the founding of the people's republic. With the resignation of the last communist president the star was deleted from the flag on 7th of April in 1992. In context with the founding of the people's republic was introduced another coat of arms, too. The eagle gets surrounded by ears, and above the eagle was placed, like on the flag, a red yellow-bordered five-jagged star. The ears were bonded with a red ribbon, which contained the date 24th of May in 1944. On this Day gets formed in Permeti a so named "anti faschistic liberation commission". On the 7th of April in 1992 was initially removed the ribbon with the date and the star, however is in use since the 22nd of May in 1993 only the black twin-headed eagle in a red shield.

Flag color codes

Rot
HEX
#DA291C
RGB
218, 41, 28
CMYK
0, 95, 100, 0
RAL
3028
Pantone
385
Schwarz
HEX
#000000
RGB
0, 0, 0
CMYK
0, 0, 0, 100
RAL
9005
Pantone
9005

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