Flag of Finland

Finland
Aspect ratio:
11:18
Vexillological symbol:
Civil flag and merchant flag
Country:
Finland
Capital:
Helsinki
Size:
338.145 km²
Population:
5.214.512
Continent:
Europe
Languages:
Finnish 93.4% (official), Swedish 5.9% (official), small Lapp- and Russian-speaking minorities
Currency:
euro (EUR) note: on 1 January 1999, the European Monetary Union introduced the euro as a common currency to be used by financial institutions of member countries; on 1 January 2002, the euro became the sole currency for everyday transactions within the member countries
accepted at:
28.05.1918

Listen to anthem

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Background knowledge

The Finnish flag shows a blue Scandinavian cross (= a cross shifted to the staff side ? all Scandinavian countries have such a cross in their flags as a sign of kinship and togetherness) on a white background. It was introduced by law on 29.05.1918 (other sources speak of 12.02.1920). The flag was created by the poet Zacharias Topelius already in 1870, and is supposed to symbolize the snow and the lakes of Finland.The proportions of the flag are calculated as follows:Length: 18 = white 5 blue 3 white 10Width: 11 = white 4 blue 3 white 4

Text courtesy of Flaggenlexikon.de

Hymn

Composer: Fredrik Pacius (1809-1891) aus Hamburg Songwriter: schwedischer Text Johan Ludvig Runeberg (1804-1877), finnischer Text Paavo Eemil Cajander (1846-1913
Songtext:

O homeland:O homeland, O homeland, Thou our fatherland;Sound loud, thou dear dear word!No mountain that touches the heavenly band,No hidden valley and sea-washed beach,Is loved more than our native north,Our own forefathers' place.Your blossom, hidden deep in the bud's ground,And yet ripened shall now open wide.Yes! Through our love it shall once more glow.Your light, your joy, your hope, your splendor!And yet one fine day it shall sound even purer,This song that our land shall sing.

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