Flag of Angola
The national flag was introduced on 11/11/1975 after gaining independence from Portugal. It is based on the flag of the MPLA, the successful liberation movement, which had a red and black flag with a yellow star since 1964. Now the flag, centrally placed, shows a halved cogwheel, a star and a bush knife.Red stands for the blood spilled in the liberation struggle, black stands for Africa, the dark part of the earth and gold (yellow) points to the natural riches of the country. The cogwheel symbolizes the working class, the bushwhackers the peasants, the star progress and internationalism. The coat of arms of Angola, like the flag, was introduced in 1975. It also shows the bushwhacker crossed with a hoe, symbolizing labor and the beginning of the armed struggle. Above it the yellow star. Its five points stand for unity, freedom, justice, democracy and progress. The rising sun below the tools embodies the birth of the new nation. The open book is a symbol of education and culture. The coat of arms is encircled by a black half gear, as well as corn plants and coffee and cotton branches. It was slightly modified in 1992, when the state name in the golden band below the coat of arms changed from "Repúblika Popular de Angola" to "Repúblika de Angola".
Two equal horizontal stripes (red, black) with a centered yellow emblem consisting of a five-pointed star and a half gear and machete.